Mercantilism was an economic philosophy that was popular in the 18th century. It was created by Adam Smith, who used the term derisively. Its advocates believed that a favorable balance of trade was the primary means to acquiring wealth and money. They could not appreciate the benefits of foreign trade. However, their theories have proven to be extremely popular for a variety of economic reasons. In this article, we’ll examine Mercantilism’s contributions to the development of economic philosophy.
Mercantilism has its roots in medieval Europe. It originated from the belief that accumulating gold and silver reserves would increase the prosperity of a country. It also saw the creation of state monopolies for firms involved in trade and shipping, as well as subsidized manufacturing industries. These practices allowed governments to increase the efficiency and capacity of domestic industry. Ultimately, these policies lead to the accumulation of bullion. However, the current practice of free trade has some drawbacks.
The history of mercantilism dates back to the late sixteenth century. The Dutch and British East India Companies were the most famous examples of mercantilist corporations. These empires enjoyed exclusive trade rights for 250 years, with the help of the Royal Navy. Some scholars consider mercantilism a precursor to capitalism, as it rationalized economic activity. If you are interested in learning more about mercantilism, be sure to read Apogee of Empire by Stanley J. Stein and Barbara H. Stein.
Mercantilism eventually faded away, but not entirely. In the late eighteenth century, the European capitalists were beginning to adopt laissez-faire policies and reject mercantilism. While many economists were skeptical of it in the eighteenth century, a number of economists – including Michael Lind and Pat Choate – have come out in favor of neomercantilist policies.
Mercantilism was a policy first used by Great Britain. During the early nineteenth century, colonial nations began establishing colonies in other nations to export their raw materials to Britain and import their finished products back to them. This practice of exporting goods was carried out in metal currencies, which increased the nation’s wealth. However, colonists felt exploited despite working for the mother country. They felt exploited and unfairly treated in exchange for their labor.
In modern day politics, mercantilistic economic policy is promoted by the government. In mercantilistic countries, a surplus in trade balance enables the government to fund domestic industry and the military. Ultimately, mercantilistic economic nationalism promotes domestic industry by minimizing emigration of capital and skilled labor, and by promoting trade surplus, the country is more likely to have strong military and political power.
While mercantilism has its roots in ancient times, modern economics views currency as a measure of wealth. Because currency is the primary means by which nations trade, real wealth of nations can be measured in terms of the goods and services that their currencies give access to. However, the real wealth of nations is a dynamic sum. A growing economy is likely to produce more goods than it consumes, creating a positive-sum economic system that undermines the core tenets of mercantilism.
While mercantilism has evolved over time, the system has remained a constant and crucial component of economic life. While the British East India Company became a significant player in the global market, mercantilism has been associated with an economic history of globalisation. In the late middle ages, when markets grew briskly and monopolistic corporations flourished, the government used subsidies and regulations to support their activities.
Adam Smith’s A Wealth of Nations (1776) describes the economic policies of various European nations. In it, Adam Smith outlines the aims of the European powers to restrict the import of goods while encouraging exports. These policies were designed to bring silver and gold into the country and stimulate domestic employment. The Mercantilist economic philosophy argues that monetary and financial systems should be based on a sound theory of the economy. In other words, governments must maximize their profits and minimize their costs.
In conclusion, mercantilism is a system of economics that promotes government regulation of foreign trade and a positive balance of trade. The goal of mercantilism is to increase a nation’s wealth by accumulating gold and silver. While the principles of mercantilism are no longer used in today’s economy, the effects of mercantilism can still be seen in many countries.
So what are mercantilism?